ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this comprehensive essay about secularism in India ! One of the fundamental changes which in Indian society have to undergo is to pass out from a sacred Society to short essay on secularism in india secular society. Read this comprehensive essay about secularism in India !
This is a part of change which an agricultural society, that is traditional, has to make when it changes to a modern industrial society. Historically, India has been a land with powerful religious sects. So, religious tolerance has been one of the traditional social values in the country. The same religious tolerance expressed by Ashok more than 2300years ago has been one of the Indian social values.
India has a long history of secular tradition. In medieval times, the Sufi and Bhakti saints contributed greatly to the ideals of human unity and harmony. The State also extended its patronage to all the communities impartially. Though some rulers, at times, did deviate from secular ideals, it was only for brief periods, and without affecting seriously the secular nature of the State. In fact, in such cases it only weakened the foundations of their own rule.
The East India Company followed the social values of tolerance among the various religious groups in India and non-interference in their affairs. William Bentik who was influenced by the prevailing public opinion among the Hindus spearheaded by Ram Mohan Roy to abolish Sati in 1828 and introduction of secular education through the medium of English. Thus, it was from the time of Bentik that State intervened to bring about social reform at the instance of public opinion of the new middle classes. These two traditions, that of tolerance towards a religious groups and that of intervention when the need for soc. Indian State since the beginning of the 19 century. During the colonial phase, people gave ample evidence of their faith in secularism Except for a very brief period, when they allowed themselves to be led by communal feelings, they worked unitedly for the achievement of the common goal of national independence.
Keeping in mind the multi-religious nature of Indian society, the Constitution that was adopted after independence declared India to be a secular State. This inspired confidence in the minorities. In the Constitution, all communities were given the freedom of worship and also the right to establish and maintain the religious institutions and organizations. There could also be no discrimination on grounds of religion, caste or sect.