The price system, or market prices, are one way to allocate scarce resources. If other criteria are used, we would microeconomics supply and demand essay to see competition in terms of those other criteria.
For example, although air is more important to us than gold, it is less scarce simply because the production cost of air is zero. Gold on the other hand has a high production cost. It has to be found and processed, both of which require a great deal of resources. A scarce good is a good that has more demand than supply. This, according to economic laws, would have by nature an attributed price. The term scarcity refers to the possible existence of conflict over the possession of a finite good. One can say that, for any scarce good, someones’ ownership and control excludes someone else’s control.
To get water they have to travel and make agreements with countries who have water resources. On the opposite side of the coin there are the nonscarce goods. These goods don’t need to be valueless and some can even be indispensable for one’s existence. Some things, even such as are indispensable to existence, may yet, because of their abundance, fail to be objects of desire and of choice. Such things are called free goods. They have no value in the sense in which the economist uses that term.
As compared with the scarce goods, nonscarce goods are the ones where there can be no contest over its ownership. The fact that someone is using something doesn’t unable anyone else to use it. For a good to be considered nonscarce it can either have an infinite existence, no sense of possession or it can be infinitely replicated. However, a different stream of thinking with regard to scarcity states that there is no good that is truly non-scarce.
Although some goods and materials appear completely abundant, ensuring quality standards of these goods creates costs to society. A prominent example can be the costs to reduce air pollution. Stating that non-scarce goods don’t exist also follows the maxim “there’s no such thing as a free lunch”, one of the core theories in capitalist economic theory. An Essay on the Principle of Population, as It affects the Future Improvement of Society. With Remarks on the speculations of Mr.