This article is about human gender. 1960s and 1970s, a guiding principle of which is the idea that the personal is political. Christopher Lonc explained his motivation for performing genderfuck: “I want to criticize and poke fun at the roles of women and of men too. To “gender roles and expectations essay with” gender, one must have an expectation to be able to rebel against.
These expectations are socially constructed and can vary widely between cultures. In many cultures it is only acceptable for an individual to embody one of two polar gender roles. Gender roles often mimic the social expectations of the sexual categories of “male” and “female”. Within this cultural expectation, people designated as male are expected to be masculine, while those designated female are expected to be feminine. The belief in and subscription to polar gender roles is known as gender binarism. These roles are highly influenced by culture and peers. This sex-role stereotype includes sexual orientation.
Feminine” sex-role stereotypes, as defined by this same study included: affectionate, cheerful, childlike, compassionate, does not use harsh language, eager to soothe hurt feelings, flatterable, gentle, gullible, loves children, loyal, sensitive to the needs of others, shy, soft-spoken, sympathetic, tender, understanding, warm, and yielding. Crossing these lines has been interpreted by some Christians as a moral transgression. One such example is the Bugis people of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Because much of gender performance is expressed through clothing, in societies where a gender binary can be observed, there is an established, widespread notion that some clothes are “masculine” and should be worn only by male-bodied individuals, and others are “feminine” and should be worn only by female-bodied individuals.
Cross-dressing would be a form of gender bending because the purpose is to “fuck with gender” roles and presentation. Many people who are androgynous may not make a conscious effort to look so. There have been many famous people who have cross-dressed and many famous people now who are androgynous. With this said, Shakespeare had characters in his writings that were considered cross-dressers. Genderfucking is seen through many forms of life. Drag costuming and makeup may in some cases simply involve an actor portraying a character of a sex or gender different from their own, or the performance itself may be a parody or critique of gender and gender roles.
Often “feminine” or “masculine” gender stereoptypes of the persons’s culture are exaggerated for comic or satirical effect. Drag revues typically involve elaborate, glamorous costumes and musical performances. A faux drag performer is a person who performs as the gender they identify as in day-to-day life, albeit in a usually exaggerated form. In order to understand the differences and similarities between gay male drag queens and female-bodied and transgender drag kings and bio queens, we consider how the personal gender and sexual identities of drag performers affect and are affected by their gender performances in drag. The basis of the literary genre of genderfuck is that it’s unimportant whether someone is a man or a woman during the sex act. Genderfucking is not always a purposeful political standpoint. Due to the importance we place on the belief that men need to act like men and women need to behave like women, it is often believed that gender is an innate attribute and not a social construct.