Structural inequality occurs when the fabric of organizations, institutions, governments or social networks contains an embedded bias which provides advantages for some members and marginalizes or produces disadvantages for other members. Structural inequality is believed to be education and social inequality essay embedded part of the culture of the United States due to the history of slavery and the subsequent suppression of equal civil rights of minority races.
Structural inequality has been encouraged and maintained in the society of the United States through structured institutions such as the public school system with the goal of maintaining the existing structure of wealth, employment opportunities, and social standing of the races by keeping minority students from high academic achievement in high school and college as well as in the workforce of the country. In the attempt to equalize allocation of state funding, policymakers evaluate the elements of disparity to determine an equalization of funding throughout school districts. Policymakers have to determine a formula based of per-pupil revenue and the student need. History of state funding in U. Education is the base for equality. Schools have been found to have a unique acculturative process that helps to pattern self-perceptions and world views. Tracking is an educational term that indicates where students will be placed during their secondary school years.