Please forward this ancient egypt essay introduction screen to 72. Ancient Rome – Ancient History – HISTORY. Find out more about the history of Ancient Rome, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more.
Get all the facts on HISTORY. The sack of Rome in 455 by the Vandals signaled the collapse of the Roman Empire. Beginning in the eighth century B. Ancient Rome grew from a small town on central Italy’s Tiber River into an empire that at its peak encompassed most of continental Europe, Britain, much of western Asia, northern Africa and the Mediterranean islands. Latin, the modern Western alphabet and calendar and the emergence of Christianity as a major world religion. After 450 years as a republic, Rome became an empire in the wake of Julius Caesar’s rise and fall in the first century B.
Ask HISTORY: What does it mean to cross the Rubicon? As legend has it, Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war. Left to drown in a basket on the Tiber by a king of nearby Alba Longa and rescued by a she-wolf, the twins lived to defeat that king and found their own city on the river’s banks in 753 B. After killing his brother, Romulus became the first king of Rome, which is named for him.
Four decades after Constantine made Christianity Rome’s official religion, Emperor Julian–known as the Apostate–tried to revive the pagan cults and temples of the past, but the process was reversed after his death, and Julian was the last pagan emperor of Rome. Rome’s era as a monarchy ended in 509 B. Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, whom ancient historians portrayed as cruel and tyrannical, compared to his benevolent predecessors. A popular uprising was said to have arisen over the rape of a virtuous noblewoman, Lucretia, by the king’s son. The magistrates, though elected by the people, were drawn largely from the Senate, which was dominated by the patricians, or the descendants of the original senators from the time of Romulus.